In 1719, a young recently graduated German lawyer did what many aristocratic young men do, just before they were about to embark on their diplomatic careers, and went on a jaunt around Europe. He had already been greatly impressed by the writings of Martin Luther and was persuaded by Luther’s understanding of how a man was reconciled to God through faith in the Christ. When he visited one particular art gallery he was struck by a painting that gripped him and changed his life — and quite literally, the world.
The young man was Count Nicklaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf. Ludwig, as he was known to his friends, was already a devout man by the time he walked into that art gallery and was captivated by the painting of Domenico Fetti called, Ecce Homo (‘Behold the man’). The scene was one of many that the artist painted depicting Christ being presented to Jerusalem mob by Pilate.
So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” John 19:5
The painting by Fetti is now located in the Bayerische Staats Museum in Munich. Its inscription in Latin at the bottom of the canvas deeply impacted Zinzendorf:
Ego pro te haec passus sum Tu vero quid fecisti pro me
“This have I suffered for you; now what will you do for me?”
Zinzendorf had been born into great privilege in Dresden. After this encounter with Ecce Homo he determined that while he had been appreciative of what Christ had done for him in bearing his guilt and shame on the cross, the young count had done little to show his appreciation to his Saviour. The early 1700s in Europe was turbulent time. The effects of the Reformation were still reverberating across Europe and had greatly challenged the concept that Christianity was just a matter of identification (much like national identity) rather than individual spiritual conversion. The work of Wycliffe, Tyndale, Luther, Zwingli, Huss, and Calvin had demonstrated from the teachings of Christ and His apostles that Christianity was a matter of spiritual conversion mediating directly by the Holy Spirit into the soul of the repentant (rather than through a ‘sacrament’ by a priest).
For there is one God, and there is one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, First Timothy 2:5
In 1722 Zinzendorf gave refuge to Moravian (Czech) Christians who were fleeing persecution and permitted them to establish a village, Herrnhut on a corner of his estate of Berthelsdorf. But various Christian groups were difficult to pastor for the appointed Lutheran minister. Eventually Zinzendorf stepped in and helped them establish the rules of brotherhood after guiding them through what the New Testament taught about Christian community. The transformation was dramatic. The Moravians instituted love as their goal and bond of brotherhood. They began praying regularly together. Initially their prayers were for their fellow countrymen in Moravia. But then, as they continued to pray together, they began praying for the salvation of people much further afield. This culminated in a special combined communion service on August 13th, 1727. But something very strange happened as they met together to worship, give heed to the Word, and celebrate Holy Communion together. It was reported that as they gathered the door mysteriously opened and a wind came rushing into their gathering. Many of the gathered Moravians began speaking in tongues and crying out to God for the lost of the world. This became known as “the Moravian Pentecost” and marked the beginning of an amazing sequence of events that would change the world!
After this, several of the Moravians felt a deep burden to not just pray for the far-flung peoples of the world, but to go to them and share the gospel. Moravians sold themselves into slavery to reach the unfortunate Africans who had been kidnapped into slavery. They bought passage to the nearly settled Americas. In fact, on one of the sailings, there was a young Anglican minister travelling to America who was doing some deep soul-searching of his own when the ship he was on encountered a violent storm. As many of the passengers feared for their lives, this minister could faintly hear singing coming from the deck of the ship! Curious about who would be so fool-hardy as to be on the deck of a doomed ship in the middle of a violent storm, he peered through a hatch to observe that the group of Moravian Christians also travelling on the ship had decided to sit down on the deck of the ship and worship God together! The minister was so struck by their peace in the midst of this horrendous storm, that he later wrote about it in his journal. He saw in the Moravians a genuine faith in Christ – a faith that he himself did not have. He wrote in his journal, “I have come to save Americans. But who will save me?” This minister’s name was John Wesley. After he returned to England from America he sought out Zinzendorf, and the rest, as they say, is history.
A statue of Count Zinzendorf in Herrnhut, Germany.
I deeply admire Zinzendorf. I consider him to be one of the greatest men that have ever lived and certainly one of the few men who have literally changed the course of human history. For me, Zinzendorf lived out Paul’s injunction to men that the apostle had written to the Corinthians. Corinth was a highly sexualised city. The city was nestled at the foot of Mount Corinth. At the summit of Mount Corinth was a temple dedicated to the goddess, Aphrodite – the goddess of love. Men would visit Corinth to indulge in the sexual enchantments of the hundreds of available temple prostitutes. We know from Paul’s epistles to the Corinthians that there was promiscuity, rampant fornication, adultery, and sexual abuse of children, vulnerable boys, and women happening in Corinth. It appears that in some measure there was also confusion over gender distinction since many of them had become Christians. We read in First Corinthians about the need for women to wear “head coverings” and assume that Paul is discussing points of fashion without realising that he was reinforcing the original creation mandate that God gave to man and woman (Gen 2:21-22). This original creation of man and woman made them distinct yet equal. Each shared the imago dei (image of God), but each were called to emphasize different aspects of God’s nature and were given bodies which corresponded to these distinctions. To the man, God assigned a stronger sense of justice and gave him a body that enabled him to use his physical strength to protect the woman and her offspring. To the woman, God gave her a stronger sense of nurture and a body that enabled her to nurture her offspring.
¶ Likewise, husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, showing honor to the woman as the weaker vessel, since they are heirs with you of the grace of life, so that your prayers may not be hindered. First Peter 3:7
Paul concludes his ‘first’ epistle to the Corinthians by speaking directly to the men of the Church. It is clear that the Holy Spirit has preserved this for the benefit of all Christian men. It is my hope that the men of our church can exemplify what Paul told these Corinthian men.
¶ Be watchful, stand firm in the faith, act like men, be strong. Let all that you do be done in love. First Corinthians 16:13
Dr. Gordon Fee notes that the imperative (something which must be done) is written in “military language” to men. Be watchfulis a military term. It echoes God’s first command to the first man to guard and keep the garden (of Eden) (Gen. 2:15). Men are thus called to use their strength to protect, not harm, women and children. Secondly, stand firm in the faith is also a military term echoing how a soldier must act when under attack from the enemy. They are to hold their position. Men are to do this when it comes to spiritual truth — despite what the cancel-cultured crowd says. Act like men reinforces the original creation mandate for men to use their God-given strength to muster the courage to be watchful and defend the truth, the right, and the good — especially when it involves the vulnerable. But, Paul concludes, men must not do this in an ugly fashion. They must be watchful, resolute, defending the truth/right/good, by using their strength, in a loving way. The greatest example of this Biblical revelation of manhood was Jesus the Christ, The Man (referred to by Paul in the previous chapter to the Corinthians as “the second Adam” 1Cor. 15:45), “the second Man” (1Cor. 15:47), “the Man from Heaven” (1Cor. 15:48). Jesus is literally, the Man. Every man should look to Jesus as the ultimate example of manhood. And this is my aspiration for my life and my pastoral hope for every man in our church — to act like men! This is something that Count Nicklaus van Zinzendorf and his band of Moravian missionaries were able to promote among the men of the community, which is yet another reason why admire him so much.
This is why I want to implement a strategy to help young boys transition well into manhood, and I need every man in our church to help me. The immediate result will be that we, the Christian men of Tasmania, actually challenge the toxic-manhood model that so many Tasmanian men have been duped into by Satan’s cunning and deceptive use of pornography as a lure in its various forms and media. The end result will be that men treat women with gentleness and respect as their equals — not as objects to be exploited or subjugated for their proclivities and gratifications. This, I hope will empower the women of Tasmania to be free to act like women and find lasting, satisfying, meaningful, life-long partnerships in the manner that our Maker has designed for human flourishing.
Let me know what you think below in the comment section and feel free to share this someone who might benefit from this Pastor’s Desk.
In C.S. (Jack) Lewis’s best-selling book, Mere Christianity, he described Christianity as being like a great house with a large hallway. Off the vast hallway there are many doors. Behind each door there is an even larger area where a set dining table awaits in front of an inviting open fire-place which complements the aroma of the just cooked roast dinner about to be served. Behind each of these doors in the hallway there are similar rooms yet each with their distinctive differences. God calls, Lewis states, each of His children not to linger unnecessarily long in the hallway, but to actively seek the door that they are meant to enter through into the room where they belong. In that particular room is the place where each believer is wanted, needed, welcomed, and appreciated. Lewis wrote-
“In plain language, the question should never be: ‘Do I like that kind of service?’ but ‘Are these doctrines true: Is holiness here? Does my conscience move me towards this? Is my reluctance to knock at this door due to my pride, or my mere taste, or my personal dislike of this particular doorkeeper?’ When you have reached your own room, be kind to those who have chosen different doors and to those who are still In the hall. If they are wrong they need. your prayers all the more; and if they are your enemies, then you are under orders to pray for them. That is one of the rules common to the whole house.” C.S. Lewis, “Mere Christianity”, Harper-Collins
Each of these rooms follows what Lewis referred to as “the rules which are common to the whole house” yet each has its particularly ways of worship, leadership, and organisation. The rules which are common to the whole house are the means by which a believer lives a holy, Christ-honouring, God-pleasing life. (Keeping rules, by the way, is not what many mistakenly refer to as legalism — which is the false belief that a person can be saved by keeping rules.)
¶ Finally, brothers, rejoice. Aim for restoration, comfort one another, agree with one another, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you. Second Corinthians 13:11
Although raised as a nominal Christian in Northern Ireland, when CS Lewis was 9 years old, his mother, Flora, died at the age of 42 of cancer. As a young adult, C.S. Lewis enrolled to serve as a British soldier in WWI and was injured in the Battle of Arras, in France. He was sent back to England and discharged from the army in 1919. By this time after the tragic death of his mother and witnessing the horrors of war, Lewis had become an atheist. After completing his studies at Oxford, he became a Don at Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1925. He tutored in philosophy and English and went on to specialise in classical literature. But Lewis was increasingly troubled by his atheism. If atheism was an accurate way of understanding the world, then why was there so much evidence undermining it? Lewis’s understanding of philosophy and language led him to seriously consider the claims of Jesus of Nazareth. Then, in 1929, he announced to his brother, Warnie, that he was now a theist (someone who believed there was a God). It would be some time after this announcement that he professed his conversion to Christianity, describing what happened in his book, Surprised By Joy, “In the Trinity Term of 1929 I gave in, and admitted that God was God … perhaps the most dejected and reluctant convert in all England.” Lewis knew from his understanding of the teachings of Jesus just how integral to living the Christian life it was for a believer to then be committed to a local church. Once someone had accepted the teaching of Christ and His apostles, Lewis reasoned, they were ushered into the hallway of the great house of God’s Kingdom. It was their duty then to knock on the various doors leading off that hallway to find where they were wanted, needed, welcomed, and belonged.
So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the cornerstone, in whom the whole structure, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord. Ephesians 2:19-21
Lewis developed a keen awareness of the spiritual realm and the intense spiritual battle that was taking place over every human soul. His later book, The Screwtape Letters, is a masterful insight into how the Enemy tries to hinder people from coming Christ. It is the story of a senior demon, Screwtape, writing to a junior demon, Wormwood, on how to undermine the attempts of their Enemy (God) from snatching a soul out of their grasp. The things these demons feared most was when a non-believer came in contact with a Christian because the light of Christ would shine so brightly through them that their captured soul (the unbeliever) might be enticed and attracted to turn to the Saviour. But worse than this, these demons were terrified when one of their non-believing captives accepted an invitation to go to a believer’s church. For it was the intense presence of Christ in the midst of His gathered redeemed followers that did the most damage to their evil schemes for their deluded captive because when Christ’s church gathered their worship and the attention they gave to God’s Word brought the clearest vision of the Saviour to those gathered. Even if they should lose a previously deluded soul to the ‘Enemy’ (God), Screwtape writes to Wormwood, hope is not lost. Do all you can, Screwtape tells Wormwood, to keep this believer from associating with Christians — especially when they meet as the church! And most of all, do all you can to hinder him from enjoying the Enemy’s pleasures such as enjoyable walks, good meals, fine company, and even sunshine. What Lewis exposed to millions of readers was just how central the local church was to the great spiritual conquest which God has assigned to the church to defeat the forces of darkness by leading a soul to Christ. This was, the apostle Paul earlier wrote, God’s “manifold wisdom” to “the rulers and authorities in the spiritual realm” (Eph. 3:10).
So that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. Ephesians 3:10
It is still the Enemy’s strategy to keep Christ’s followers from gathering together. And little wonder! The Enemy of God and His Church knows full well that there is great damage done to the forces of darkness when God’s people assemble to worship Christ, be filled afresh with the Holy Spirit, and give attention to the life-giving Word of Christ. The Enemy will use condemnation, trickery, deceit, delusion, lies, and offence from keeping a child of God from being washed, strengthened, and renewed by Spirit led worship, Spirit anointed ministry, and Spirit inspired preaching of God’s Word.
The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly. John 10:10
God has chosen in His wisdom to entrust the penultimate conquest of evil in the world to His Church. It seems that God loves to work with others in community. He is, after all, the Triune God. He has always worked in community. When He created the heavenly creatures in their various ranks, Archangels, Seraphim, Cherubim, Messengers, Watchers, Recorders, Guardians, they formed His heavenly family with whom He chose to rule. But when He created mankind, He created unique beings who bore His image and uniquely reflected His glory. God would be their father, and they would be His children. But then they rebelled against their Heavenly Father. As impossible and hopeless as it looked, God had a plan to redeem and rescue mankind through the ministry of His eternal Son becoming one of us who was then uniquely able to atone for our sins since He was now both God and Man. It was through Christ that God’s plan to rule the world with His children was re-instigated. A major part of this plan was for the church to learn that we are better together. This is why God places believers together whom He desires to cooperate with each other and pool their gifts, talents, and efforts to enact Christ’s triumph over evil. This is done every time a soul is rescued from the Enemy’s domain of darkness and brought into the Kingdom of Christ.
Giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified you to share in the inheritance of the saints in light. He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins. Colossians 1:12-14
This is why God has designed for every believer to be wanted, needed, welcomed, and appreciated in a local church — and why our Enemy does all he can to keep us from realising this. It’s also why every local church would do all they could to ensure that behind their door off the hallway every visitor would discover that they are wanted, needed, welcomed, and appreciated as a new member of their new church family, where, as C.S. Lewis said, they will find true doctrines, the means of holiness, the antidote to pride, and an opportunity to become who God has created them to be. This is why you are wanted, needed, welcomed, and appreciated by your church!
All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to Himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. Second Corinthians 5:18-19
Let me know what you think below in the comment section and feel free to share this someone who might benefit from this Pastor’s Desk.
When it comes to unpacking the Upstream vision, I am reminded of this story –
One day a man was walking along the beach when he noticed a boy picking something up and gently throwing it into the ocean. Approaching the boy, he asked, “What are you doing?” The youth replied, “Throwing starfish back into the ocean. The surf is up and the tide is going out. If I don’t throw them back, they’ll die.” “Son,” the man said, “don’t you realize there are miles and miles of beach and hundreds of starfish? You can’t make a difference!”
After listening politely, the boy bent down, picked up another starfish, and threw it back into the surf. Then, smiling at the man, he said…“I made a difference for that one.”
Christianity has a long tradition of caring for people, medically, physically, spiritually, legally, financially, materially, educationally, philosophically, and pastorally. This has resulted in Christianity being described by historian Tom Hollandin book Dominion, as the single greatest positive influence for good, and sociologist Professor Rodney Stark in his book, The Rise of Christianity, has made the point that it was this practical care of Christians for all people — especially the marginalised, not just their own, that has led to it growing (and continuing to grow) exponentially around the world. This, of course, has resulted in schools, hospitals, and orphanages being established anywhere the fragrance of Christ has been scented. It is fair to describe most of this caring work asdownstream activity. Professor Stark also points out that one of the attractive features of early Christianity was its lack of dependence upon government to finance its aid for the sick, the vulnerable, and the abandoned — because for its first three centuries of expansion there was no concept of State welfare or aid. It’s only in fairly recent times that governments have adopted and replicated this Christian ministry of care through their various welfare programs. It’s a noble thing that governments and Christian organisations work cooperatively to alleviate downstream challenges. And perhaps the reason that governments rarely get involved in upstreamsolutions is the fact of their election-cycles. They may only have 2, 3, or 4 years to implement an upstream plan that requires 20+ years to bear any fruit. Thus, society’s greatest societal problems – crime, illiteracy, marriage breakdowns, domestic abuse, sexual abuse of women and children, meaningful employment, adequate private housing, equitable wealth opportunities, elder care, health care, and education (as distinct from schooling) are rarely addressedupstream. This is why I want to encourage Christians, whose efforts are not subject to election-cycles, to play their part in our collective upstream strategy. Here’s how.
Religion that is pure and undefiled before God the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world. James 1:27
Rev. Tim Costello addressing the Tasmanian legal fraternity, January 2021
Because Christians have long cared for the vulnerable in society, some people have come to view Christianity as merely a welfare organisation. Some Christians have objected to this characterisation and asserted that Christianity cares more for people’s eternal destinies than it does for their temporal needs. This has caused some believers to identify themselves as either left-wing (social justice) or right-wing (evangelism and morality) Christians. In a recent address to the legal fraternity of Tasmania, Rev. Tim Costello, the former CEO of World Vision Australia, pointed out that Christianity is not an “or” but is an “and” when it comes to caring for the vulnerable and upholding to the classic truths of Christ’s teaching about the human condition and the eternal hope of the Gospel found only in the cross of Christ. He cited Christ’s words in the Beatitudes about His followers being “salt” and “light” to reinforce his point. Light, he stated, was commonly what the left strived to do by exposing injustice. Salt, on the other hand, was what preserved and flavoured goodness.
To paraphrase what Mr. Costello was pointing out, Christians are aware that we live in a seen and unseen world where temporal needs are easily seen and eternal needs are not so easily seen but are none the less vitally important as well. To paraphrase the paraphrase: we all live in a material world and we all interact in an unseen spiritually material realm. It is in the realm of the unseen immaterial world (although I am deliberately using the term ‘spiritual material’ to describe that it is a real realm comprised of spiritual matter) that we experience our greatest pain. We refer to this immaterial (spiritual) pain in everyday parlance:
Psychological pain – ‘psych-’ comes from the Biblical Greek word psuché which is translated into English as ‘soul’. Strictly speaking then, psychology is the study of the soul.
Emotional pain – we frequently call this – heartache, to refer to emotional pain of loss, grief, disappointment, jealousy, annoyance, anger, or bitterness. Such painful emotions are not the result of chemical secretions; rather, they are the cause of them. Emotional pain is the ache of the soul.
Even in laughter the heart may ache, and the end of joy may be grief. Proverbs 14:13
When a person’s soul aches, the downstream result is often excessive alcohol or illicit drug use. For some it leads to unsociable behaviour such verbal or physical abuse of others. For some it leads to promiscuity in the vain pursuit of looking for lasting love. For some it looks like withdrawal from people and over-eating. Each of these downstream problems also become downward spirals that can only get worse unless the cycle is broken somehow..
¶ Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you in turmoil within me? Hope in God; for I shall again praise Him, my salvation. Psalm 42:5
In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven. Matthew 5:16
Firstly, going upstream should look like churches growing significantly and cooperating more regularly. As churches contribute toward the solutions for society’s greatest problems it should also raise the general respect that Christians are afforded in culture. This will increase a community’s openness and receptivity to the gospel (Matt. 5:16; Eph. 2:10).
Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it. Proverbs 22:6
Secondly, it will look like the fostering of a generation of young Christian leaders who will increasingly see their call as “bi-vocational” — working in a profession or trade but also with a mission to minister into the headwaters of what would have been society’s greatest problems if they hadn’t gone upstream and averted them. Their mission won’t be to “change the world”, but it will be to help change their community, one life at a time. This should result in a lowering of the crime-rate, decreased prisoner recidivism, lowered prison populations, marriages that go the distance, children that grow up in a home with a loving father and mother, the beautifying of our private and public spaces (“Edenifying”).
I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides in you, and you have overcome the evil one. First John 2:14
Thirdly, it will look like Christian men developing a broader, deeper, grander vision of what Biblical masculinity is and how to live up to it. This will result in changing the culture toward how men view and treat women, resulting in decrease violence toward women and children, and the lowering of sexual assault.
But how do we get there? It’s important to acknowledge that many Christian organisations are already making a difference upstream. Christian schools, churches, Scripture Union, Prison Fellowship, and The Collective Shout, are seeking to make a difference that will have a positive flow-on effect for years to come. But there’s something each one of us can begin to do upstream.
For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God? First Peter 4:17
From the studies that I’ve seen, the rate of domestic abuse/violence against women by men is just as high within the church as it is in the general community (ABC; SAFER). In our city of Launceston alone, the rate of domestic abuse/violence is sadly among the highest in Australia. There are several Christian agencies working downstream to provide support to victims (note). The impact of domestic violence (DV) has several further downstream effects. It can lead to marriage breakdown, murder, homelessness, the creation of orphans, alcohol and drug abuse, criminal activity, imprisonment, poor literacy outcomes for children, school bullying, generational financial hardship, and even sexual abuse. While our State has several deeply troubling societal problems, many of them stem from partner-violence against women perpetrated by men. If we could dramatically lower the DV rate in Tasmania we could avoid a host of these further downstream problems. I have a plan for how we can begin to achieve this:
1. IMPLEMENT A NEW VISION OF MANHOOD WITHIN THE CHRISTIAN CHURCHES OF TASMANIA
We go upstream as far as possible. This necessarily involves developing a rite of passage for a young boy into young manhood. Ideally this would have included an ethos and understanding by Christian parents, churches and Christian Schools about the formation of godly manhood among their pre-teen boys. On the Saturday immediately after a boy turns 13 he participates in a church-based event and a rite of passage into manhood. From that point, he is not to be considered a child or an adolescent but is now regarded as a young man. This rite of passage would be done around a meal where two or three invited men share what they have learned about what it means to be a godly man. The young man’s father reads a declaration of manhood over his son, and presents him with a gift of a small hand-made wooden box. The men of the church who are present at this meal then pray over the young man. The minister of the church pronounces a prescribed blessing and benediction over the young man. The next day, Sunday, the young man publicly participates in the church service in some manner such as a Bible reading or a prepared prayer. The young man is then charged to fulfil a mark of respect to his mother by committing to never the house from this day forward without making his bed first.
Former long-term Risdon Prison inmate, Tony Bull, makes small wooden boxes from the skills he learnt in prison.
2. BEGIN TO GIVE THE EXISTING YOUNG MEN IN A CHURCH PUBLIC SPEAKING RESPONSIBILITIES DURING THE CHURCH SERVICE
While seeking to implement this rite of passage into manhood, the existing young men of the church are each given the responsibility opportunity that the inducted young man will be given after his rite of passage. Once each young man has had at least one opportunity to publicly speak in some way during the main church service, all of these young men should be gathered together to discuss the vision and challenge of being a godly young man.
3. THE MINISTER SHOULD PREACH AND TEACH IN THE MAIN CHURCH SERVICE ABOUT THE VISION OF GODLY MANHOOD, ANNUALLY
It is important that young women hear from the pulpit how a young man ought to view and treat them in a biblically informed vision of godly manhood. It is similarly important that every young man hears this vision at the same time so that he knows what’s expected of him and also knows that every young lady in the church also knows what’s expected of him. It’s important that the senior minister teaches it so that everyone knows what’s expected of each man.
The acceptance of a biblically informed vision of manhood by the men of a local church, formally commencing with every 13-year-old young man, should result in a commitment to emulate Christ, the supreme example of a man. He was a man whom women felt safe around. He viewed women as equally divine image bearers who co-fulfilled the original creation mandate and were even entrusted as the first ones to proclaim the hope of the gospel. Developing and implementing this upstream rite of passage into manhood won’t necessarily solve all our State’s problems, but it will solve some, even if they are just the ones within the Christian community of Tasmania. And even if it fails, it might still result in some young men at least appreciating what the goal of manhood ought to be. And it seems to me, that if that’s all we achieve it will still be beneficial downstream.